Communication with persons with mental disabilities

Mental illness - a disorder that affects brain function is impaired in thinking, feelings and communication. A person suffering from a mental illness, it is difficult to adapt in everyday life.
Mental Illness limits people's ability to perform certain functions (eg., To talk with family members to seek help) and a role (eg., A worker).

Mental symptoms

Person with mental disorders, often behaves abnormally and threatened, for example. He worried about and this expressed in certain motions: walking back and forth, torn. Mental disorder is associated with fear and a bad mood. This can lead to the repetition of the same question, not allowing be quiet, not communicating with others, passivity and breathtakingly smooth performance. Probably notable is aggressiveness.
Often people with mental disorders can sit for hours in his room, or walking back and forth. Sometimes they absolutely refuse to eat together with the family for a long time do not want to get up in the morning. They can get up and sleep at all different times from other members of the family and therefore it is impossible to follow any treatment.
The huge problem arises when such persons do not show interest and be completely unaware of what to do with them. Due to the energy loss of work they carry out a very long time.
Man with mental disabilities may depart from personal hygiene. It is also strange dress, for example, the clothes can be bright, misaligned or do not conform to the season, sometimes dirty. While it is indifferent to certain things, such a person may be extremely care for others, to be demanding.

What are the signs indicate a serious mental crisis?

- "votes" hearing, status anxiety, loss of mental balance attributes. Clear the normal sleep-wake rhythm disorders, even if it lasts only a few days. There is a feeding disorder - begins to excess eating or not eating stops. Withdrawal from normal activities or anxiety.
- the Depression, when boring life, felt a deep sadness , one attacking the absolute despair or become helpless. Starts preparing for suicide.
- the abnormal forms of behavior, which is manifested before the disease (if the latter is the former).
- the tips on how to deal with someone with a mental illness
and someone should start by saying the first words. Contact eyes, smile, facial expressions, tone of voice, a call to discuss their problems person with mental disabilities, encourage trust interlocutor.
- the tension and stress can have some impact on the human ability to function. In communicating with a person try to reduce tensions to a minimum.
- people with mental illnesses are of a different character, behave differently. Communicate with each person as an individual. Ask them same as they prefer to communicate, try to maximally take into account their needs in times of crisis stay calm and try to keep a man. Ask if you can help someone, or something needs to informed or invited, if a person is taking medication and that he needs to drink.
- please not cheat- try to gain trust in the human and realize what kind of assistance he preferred.
- the person with mental disabilities, encourage talk specific topic, ask lay out the facts, to express their views and feelings.
Try and preaching, to behave with dignity and show understanding. Do not talk in long sentences.

-explanations presented clearly and briefly write down the necessary information.
Speak as an adult, not as a child. These individuals deserve the same respect as any man.
- If the interviewer prolongs the conversation back to the things you have already discussed, politely tell him to finish the conversation.

In dealing with people with mental disorders:
- should be treated with dignity - as individuals.
- should not offer extra help or special communication.
- should not have prejudices, based on the experience of communication with other similar impaired people.
- should not think that people with mental disorders are more prone to violence.
- should be friendly and tune, to create a comfortable and safe environment.
- should be aware that they are often legally competent - can sign documents or give consent to treatment.
Do not forget to pay attention to the fact that these people have a perception problem or lower intelligence than most people.
Rate and interviewer mood - if a person with mental disabilities frustrated, ask him quietly, as you could to help him.
Please note that people with mental disabilities can work, they can perform many duties that require certain skills and abilities. Rude interviewer to prescribe what is good and what is bad - he knows it.


Depression- is a mental state characterized by negative emotions, passivity and loss of motivation. This disorder characterized by a slowdown in thinking, dulled movements, moodiness, sadness, despair. Man all the time thinking about unpleasant own or dipped life events and feeling due to their fault. They does not see his life in perspective, too little self-esteem, loss of initiative, the time for him to sort of stop, slowed thinking, will, behavior becomes slow, the man quickly tired on that very often reduces the labor productivity, and prolonged depression have suicidal thoughts.
The most commonly found any specific pretext, which could lead to depression. 10 - 40% for cases of depression leads a typical situation: living conditions change; the loss of loved ones; prolonged conflicts; frustrations of the people themselves; of the need to abandon the usual things.
This disruption occur it is important to heredity and biological nature of the disease.
The main symptoms of depression: despair and indifference, there is no initiative, enthusiasm and inspiration, everything falls out of hand, but what kind of work becomes chore, begin to ride an inner restlessness, decreased appetite and appears meaningless toing. Daily routine activities previously carried out automatically, now turned into a severe, intractable problem. Depression include people consider themselves losers, talentless.
Such a person feels guilty, dud, afraid that someone will fail to suffer from sleepiness, heavy head.
and the most common symptom of depression - sleep disorders.
People complain that they are sad, they are not interesting in no one, no one is beyond the joy of their life without prospects, everything seems pointless, nothing in life was not good, it is not and will not be: "The future is hopeless, I have become a burden to others, would rather die."


Schizophrenia - a progressive brain disease that subverts think clearly, to understand reality, manage emotions, make decisions, in other words, it is - the loss of contact with reality.
What is characteristic of this disease?
Delusions are disjointed, change, thoughts - with no real foundation. However, mental disabilities they look real and they can believe that someone they pursues plans to kill, "hear" their thoughts, inserts them into their minds, controlling their feelings, actions and impulses of magnetic waves or radio and television shall not communicate to them for knowledge. They may believe that there is a very significant, important, all-powerful person with different abilities.
Hallucinations are sensory and caused no real stimulus, perception. Mental disabilities can perceive as reality, so it is often not critical in their evaluation. Hallucinations can be auditory, visual, olfactory, gustatory and tactile. Especially schizophrenia characterized by auditory hallucinations as hearing voices that comment on human behavior, insults, is claiming what to do.
Impaired thinking and are very easy to derive associations. Such persons speaking jumping from topic to topic, noticing that turns thoughts are completely irrational. Thoughts can be a lot, it moves slowly or disappear. Persons with mental disabilities can create new words that are incomprehensible to others.
Tips on how to deal with someone with schizophrenia, especially during attacks:
First of all, try and remain calm.
Reduce and any other extraneous sounds or stimuli - turn off the TV or radio, if there are other people in the room, ask them temporarily leave.
Speak one by one. Something can offered, for example, "Please sit and talk with me or just sit and be quiet."
Should speak slowly and clearly, maintaining a normal tone of voice.

Talk about what you see in human behavior, such as .: "You're scared, angry, do not understand what is happening," Say what you fear. " Do not use phrases that someone humiliates or show your authority, eg .: "behave like a child," or "do as I say." If necessary, repeat questions or comments, use the same words. Give the man a personal space. Do not stand too close. Control your emotions, because it can further aroused man.

There are circumstances where there is physical danger or possibility of violence. Then quietly talk with someone or call someone on the phone and ask what to do in no time.
The man finds himself in another reality, its status - a completely different and he may try to implement what is happening in his hallucinations, eg., to break the window. If a man threatens you or your property, you have to do everything that to protect myself and others (and the same person).
What not?
Shout and yelling.
Man can you Avoid listening because "voices" which he hears, is stronger. Do not be critical. One cannot think logically, to communicate, to explain or to deal with. Do not look constantly in the eye, look elsewhere.
Avoid obstructing the door or exit. When considering what to do, not out with other people. Better if it is possible to provide an individual selection. This person will not feel powerless - think that still controls the situation.